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US expat tax in Qatar

As a U.S. taxpayer, all worldwide income is subject to taxation and reporting and for most expatriates you are required to file a U.S. tax return on an annual basis due on April 15 each year (June 15 if you are residing overseas on the April 15 deadline). The tax treatment for different classes of income can vary greatly from Qatar and the U.S. For example, certain benefits may be tax free or excluded from taxable income in the Qatar, but in the U.S. these benefits are likely to be non-qualified benefits that are subject to being included as taxable income in U.S. As such, there are a number of considerations related to US expat tax in Qatar and this brief article will address a few of those considerations.

Qatar Expat Income Taxes

Who Is Liable For Income Taxes In Qatar

You are considered a resident of this country if you have a permanent home, have a physical presence for 183 days or more during a calendar year, or have “vital interest” in the country. Qatar, however, does not impose any taxes on employee earnings or employer-provided benefits on either local or expatriate employees. There are no estate or gift taxes.

Tax Year In Qatar And Tax Filing And Payment Rules

There are no income taxes in this country.

Expat Tax Withholding In Qatar

Qatar has no social security taxes and therefore has no need for a Totalization Agreement (see below). The United States does not have a tax treaty with the Qatar. Consequently, tax returns of US expats, especially in Qatar, require analysis by an international tax specialist like Federal Experts Consultancy LLC.

US Expat Living In Qatar

Any US Expat living in Qatar will tell you this is the one of the richest countries not just among the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), now called the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, but in the world;  This tiny monarchy, though a small stretch of land on a peninsula pushing out from the Arabian landmass into the Persian Gulf, casts a giant shadow over other Arab countries, western Asia, and around the world. The ruling family in Qatar does not allow political groups, business syndicates, trade unions, or any group discourse regarding public policy. The country is not known for policies of civil liberties, equal gender rights, a free press, or any form of open media.

Below is our top 10 list of cities in Qatar for expats (in no particular order):

  • Doha
  • Al Rayyan
  • Umm Salal / Umm Said
  • Al Khor / Al Khawr
  • Al Wakrah
  • Al Jumaliyah
  • Madinat Al-Shamal
  • Al Ruawais
  • Dukhan
  • Ar Khuwayr

Non-Arab expats including people from the US actually make up the majority in this country’s population. Nevertheless, US Expats need to remember that the Qatari monarchy mixes both civil and Sharia law in its legal proceedings. The culture in this country shows a strong Islamic influence since most Qataris belong to the conservative Wahhabi sect of Islam; a small percentage of the population are Shi’a Muslim. Penalties for legal infractions are consequently exceedingly harsh and unconventional when compared to practices in the US and Europe. There are, however, exceptions applied to non-Muslims residing or visiting this country. In fact, Qatar has strong relations with both the US and United Kingdom and hosts the Al Udeid Air Base critical for military operations in the Gulf region.

What You Need To Know About US Expat Tax In Qatar

When dealing with US expat tax in Qatar, there are a number of preferential expat tax treatments that may benefit your U.S. expatriate tax return. In fact, for many U.S. expats, the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion (IRS Form 2555) and other deductions will reduce your U.S. taxes to zero.

Some of these preferential tax treatments or benefits for US expat tax in Qatar include:

  • If you are a U.S. citizen or a resident alien of the United States and you live in Qatar, your US expat tax in Qatar is based on your worldwide income and as such you must file a U.S. return for all the years that you are residing in Qatar. However, as a U.S. expat you may qualify to reduce your U.S. taxable income up to an amount of your foreign earnings that is adjusted annually for inflation ($99,200 for 2014). In addition, you can exclude or deduct certain foreign housing amounts. This is known as the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion and foreign housing exclusion.
  • When it comes to your US expat tax in Qatar, most US expatriates worry about “double taxation” – paying taxes to two different countries – the U.S. and Qatar. A U.S. taxpayer working overseas in Qatar may be able to reduce U.S. taxable income and “double taxation” by claiming the Foreign Tax Credit on Form 1116. Should any foreign income not be fully offset by the foreign earned income exclusion, housing exclusion or housing deduction, the foreign tax credit paid or accrued may be used as a deduction or credit on the U.S. tax return. Taxpayers can elect to either deduct the taxes as an itemized deduction on Schedule A or claim a credit against tax. In most cases, it is to your advantage to take foreign income taxes as a tax credit.

A common but dangerous mistake is the assumption that if there are zero taxes owed with these tax benefits that a return for US expat tax in Qatar does not need to be filed. That is not true. If you are working overseas, it is likely that you meet the filing requirements to file a tax return and must do so. It is important to note that the preferential tax treatments, such as the foreign earned income exclusion and foreign tax credit are not applicable to the outcome of your tax liability until they are claimed on a filed tax return.

When faced with US expat tax in Qatar there are many tax items to consider, but the above are by far the most common preferential tax benefits. With top-notch experienced and knowledgeable expat tax preparation from Federal Experts Consultancy LLC, you can be assured that you are paying the minimal amount of U.S. taxes that you are legally obligated for.

Qatar Foreign Bank Account Reporting – The FBAR (FinCen Form 114)

Another important tax deadline that frequently applies to US expat tax in Qatar is in regards to the disclosure of foreign assets on the FinCen Form 114.

The FBAR filing deadline is June 30th (or the preceding business day if June 30th falls on a weekend). Unfortunately, requesting an extension on your individual return does not extend the FBAR due date – there is no extension available for the FBAR deadline. Any reports filed after this date are considered a delinquent FBAR. In addition, the FBAR is different than many other tax forms in that it must be received by the deadline date (and not postmarked by the deadline date).

The FBAR must be filed with the Treasury Department (it is not filed with your federal income tax return) whenever you meet the FBAR filing requirements, which in a nutshell is whenever a U.S. person has a financial interest in, or signature authority over a foreign financial account, including a bank account, brokerage account, mutual fund, trust or other type of foreign financial account (including an insurance policy with a cash value such as a whole life insurance policy) maintained with a financial institution, with an aggregate value of over $10,000 at any time during the calendar year based on the highest value of each foreign account during the tax year.

If you have bank accounts at [Bank] or at another bank in Qatar or any other foreign country, you may meet the filing requirement to disclosure your foreign accounts on the FBAR. Please don’t hesitate to contact Federal Experts Consultancy LLC to learn more about your filing requirements.

U.S. Social Security Totalization Agreement

The United States has entered into special agreements called Totalization Agreements with several nations for the purpose of avoiding double taxation of income with respect to social security taxes. These agreements must be taken into account when determining whether any alien is subject to the U.S. Social Security/Medicare tax, or whether any U.S. citizen or resident alien is subject to the social security taxes of a foreign country. Since, as of this time, Qatar has not entered into a Totalization Agreement with the United States, there is no opportunity to avoid double taxation of social security income for US expat tax in Qatar. We strongly recommended you consult with an experienced tax practitioner like Federal Experts Consultancy LLC to learn more about your tax-reporting options.


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